Details of proposed project

 

Project title (no more than 20 words):

Women Empowerment in Economic through Climate Resilient Agriculture Techniques. (WECRAT)

Location/s (province, district, city, town, commune and village, as appropriate):

This project will be implemented in 11 villages, 9 communes, 2 districts in Siem Reap, Odor Meanchey in Cambodia and total beneficiary 647 families (or 1,313 are women)

  • Siem Reap: We will work with 6 Agriculture Cooperatives (AC) in Pouk District, one AC represented for one village. Total AC member is 321 people (178 are women).
  • Odor Meanchey: The project will works with 5 ACs in Samroang krong with 5 village, equal to 5 ACs and total member is 754 people (493 are women).

 

Table 1 : Target villages and number of beneficiary

No. Name of AC Village Commune District Province Total members Female
1 Athib Padeiy Angkor Thveas Treiy Ngor Pouk Siem Reap 46 17
2 Kasekam Khum Pouk Kasekar Rung Roeurng Tatouk Pouk Pouk Siem Reap 48 26
3 Keo Pour Samaki Chamroeun Phal Kouk

Russey

Keo Pour Pouk Siem Reap 74 40
4 Samroang Yea Meanchey Prasat Samroang Yea Pouk Siem Reap 29 7
5 Sovann Rik Reay Trakeat Muk Pen Pouk Siem Reap 69 40
6 Khum Khnat Samaki  Roeurng Ampil Peam Khnat Pouk Siem Reap 55 45
7 Kaseka Aphiwat

Kasekam

Sambour

Meas

Bansay Reak Samroang Odor

Meanchey

48 37
8 Kon Khmer Aphiwat

Kasekam

Khtum Konkreal Samroang Odor

Meanchey

452 299
9 Or Pok Ponlok

Kasekam

Or Pok Kon Kreal Samroang Odor

Meanchey

78 46
10 Ponleu

Thmey Pa Ong

Pa Ong Kon Kreal Samroang Odor

Meanchey

110 76
11 Reak Smey Samaki

O Russey

O Russey Samroang Samroang Odor

Meanchey

24 14

Please see annexe2: Map showing about location of project area.

Proposed commencement date and duration of project:

Note : DAP funding will not be provided before January 2018 and project must be completed by May 2019.
This project is designed for a period of 12 months. We expect to start from : 1st March 2018 and ended by 28 February 2019.

Amount of funds required for the project in total and amount of funds requested from DAP (the maximum budget the DAP can provide is AUD 45,000 (approximately USD34, 000). Grand total budget of this project is USD 59800, equal to AUD 77740 and the total proposed budget from DAP is US Dollar 34000, equal to about AUD 44200 . The rest of budget will be a shared cost from WeEFFECT-SEA and contribution of local community. The exchange rate is 1US Dollar equal to 1.30 Australian Dollar.

What contribution will be made by the proposing organisation and the participating communities? (i.e. labour, land, materials, funds, human resources).
This proposed project to DAP is a separate project with separate management, implementation, financial allocation and reporting system implemented by a separate team of CTO’s staff, this project is treated as an independent project, however, for effectiveness and efficiency in term of cost, time and financial value, due to nature of beneficiaries, the farmers and geographical target, this project will be synergized with one of existing project, called “Promoting Farmer Based Democratic CBOs” funded by WE EFFECT/SIDA who happens to fund major overhead cost such as senior technical and management staffs, major cost of administration and transport and office rent cost so DAP fund can be effectively allocated to direct cost of activity and infrastructure investment for beneficiary.

The project proposes to DAP for the amount of 34000 USD or equivalent to AUD 44200 which most of the fund is for direct cost which benefit beneficiaries maximally. Equally important, AC members, especially those who are vegetable producer group are requested to contribute their efforts to the project for both (in-cash and in-kind). In-Cash, each member of target AC, in particularly vegetable producer group, is required to provide in-cash contribution at least 5.00 USD (6.50AUD) and additionally they are contributed their labor and land for installation of water pumping station and pipe system. Most of their cash contribution will be used for pipe system installation.

Please see the below table.

Table 2: Shows about contribution of each participating body (organization and community)

Participating Body/donors/community Total Amount of budget (In-Cash and In-Kind) Remarks
US dollar AU Dollar
Total budget requested to DAP 34000 44200 In-Cash
Total budget requested to WEEFFECT 17,970.00 23,361.00 Major overhead cost
Total budget contributed by communities (vegetable producer group) 7,830.00 10,179.00 Both: In-Cash and In-Kind
Grand-Total budget 59800 77740

Exchange rate: 1USD equal to 1.30 Australian Dollar.

Describe the project

  • Rationale:

From the impact of the challenging climate change to farming skills, Poor farmers, mainly widow and women led-households in the target areas have very low agricultural productivity as they do not have access to, leverage, agricultural technology, we refer to appropriate technology. Those farmers have been working hard physically, however, without the leverage of agricultural appropriate technology and grass-roots cooperation mechanism for farmers, refer to working in group or CBOs, farmers will not be able to maximize their agricultural yield, Specifically for this proposed project, farmers, mainly women, are only able to do their semi-commercial vegetable farming in wet-season, which is often a peak season, so the price of the vegetables are drop to low price, the price of the vegetable are much higher in dry-season due to lack of supply as most of the farmers are unable to plant their vegetable in dry-season due to no reliable water sources or systematic watering system which enable farmers to plant their vegetable productively.

In the last 5 years, CTO has been working accordingly to the policy of the ministry of agriculture in promoting farmer cooperatives, agricultural SME as well as providing skills, knowledge and farming technique that can maximize the yield. as the result, in good cooperation with department of agriculture of Siem Reap and Otdar Meanchey province, CTO has facilitated to register 17 farmer cooperatives and establish many SHG, VSLA which is a tool to help farmers to build their financial resources to agricultural investment.

In target areas, About 75% of rural households depend on traditional farming’s with poor access to knowledge; productive infrastructure and innovative farming skill thus produce low productivity. for instance, not to mention the impact of climate change, above 70% of small household venerable producers mainly poor women are only able to farm in rainy season while in dry-season they do not have access to water or water source is far from their garden which requires a stressed physically work to water their vegetable. This deters most of the women farmer mainly widows becoming full-time (year round) vegetable producers.

With ongoing effort with CTO;s program to empower farmer based democratic organization namely SHG, Farmer Cooperative and Cooperative Union in the two province, CTO has work with farmers to build foundation of commercial farming, climate change adaptation and small SME at grassroots level, however, from the implementation, the project and farmers comes to realize the important of innovative farming technology as solar-energy pump station for women vegetable producer group as we propose to DAP now. We and the farmers are certain that innovation will help them to increase their farming productivity while saving cost and time and viable for women to apply. yet with the innovation, farmers can reduce major constraint such as by accessing to water year round for their vegetable production so increase their incomes.

This project is designed to fit women farmer need, About 35% of women age 25-44 and 33% of women age 15-24 have less than a primary school education. Addressing the very low levels of literacy and education among women of work and child-bearing age remains a significant concern (Neary Rattanak III strategic plan 2009–2013). Women migrate to gain unskilled jobs as domestic helpers, street vendors, entertainment and industry workers. Although women own 65% of all businesses in Cambodia, the vast majority of women’s businesses are microenterprises: 51% employ only one person, and 96% engage four or fewer persons (Cambodia Country Analysis Report 2014-ADB).

The district consists of 11 communes and has the total population of 13,490 people including 7420 women. About 80% of people in the commune are making living out of agriculture while the rest are traders or employed in other sectors. The commune has second highest population in the district. The commune lies mostly in lower land of Great Tole Sap lake which is ideal for vegetable farming. In average, each family holds about 2.5 ha of farming land. However, they do not use land to full potential, most of farming remain fallow in dry season. There are few better-off farmers currently venturing into vegetable production cucumbers, morning glory, beans etc.) and poultry production but poor farmers are still in need for technical and financial support to start up. The commune sits on quite a functional ancient irrigation system. The size of average land plot per family is 1 ha. Average income per day is 5000 Riel (around 1, 2 USD); 25% of population lives below the poverty line. There are three SHGs in the commune and all of them need to be strengthened in management and turnover.

Samrong is one of the four district of Otdar Meanchey province. the district is designated as the municipality of province. the district has the population of about 7850 people including 4150 women and about 80% of them are farmers. The district has high risk of food insecurity due to the fact that the whole province was under longest time of conflict between the Khmer Rough force and the government and the infrastructure such as irrigation system or water reservoir that support food production and agriculture is very poor. the main sources of income after the conflict end was from illegal logging leading to major deforestation in the province. CTO has been working to address food security, in the first phase, and now in the second phase, in partnership with Action Aid Cambodia, focusing on helping poor farmers, mainly women to become semi-commercial farmers through providing farming skills and small infrastructure and establishment of farmer cooperatives​​and SME led by women. However, poor and small house hold farmers, mainly women led-family would need more innovative technology support such as solar-power water pump for vegetable gardening and conservative agriculture that reduce the intensive physical labor, saving time and cost. this innovative technology would bring more benefit and profit to poor women farmers.

  • Goal and/or Overall Objective (ensure that this objective is SMART – Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Timely).

The overall goal is that by the end of the at least 200 women led-households model farmers in the target areas have increase (double) their incomes by having access whole year round irrigation water, the solar-power-water-pump-system, (as technology leverage) to increase their vegetable farming cycles (from only dry season farming to whole year round farming) and productivity /yield.